The Xifeng Concentration Camp

Red Culture Museum

The Xifeng Concentration Camp

by Live in Guizhou

Image Source: Eyesnews

The Xifeng Concentration Camp in Guiyang, Guizhou province, stands as a significant historical site, deeply rooted in China’s revolutionary past. Established by the Kuomintang in 1938 as their highest-grade and largest-scale prison, it was used to detain members of the Communist Party of China and patriots. The camp was notorious for its harsh conditions, where more than 1,200 individuals were imprisoned and approximately 600 were tortured and killed. It continued to operate until its abolition in 1946.

Today, the site serves as a museum and a patriotic education center, attracting tourists and educating visitors about this challenging period in China’s history. Its transformation into a memorial hall has played a key role in boosting rural tourism in the area, particularly in Maodong village, where it is located. The influx of visitors, exceeding 700,000 annually, has contributed positively to the local economy, leading to infrastructure improvements and the development of tourism-related businesses like restaurants, hotels, and inns.

The memorial hall’s popularity has helped revitalize the village, spurring the growth of local enterprises such as orchards, flower nurseries, and planting cooperatives. This development has not only enhanced the quality of life for the villagers but also provided them with new income sources and employment opportunities. The memorial hall stands as a testament to the resilience and transformation of the local community, turning a site of historical hardship into a beacon of education and economic growth.