Tangible Cultural Heritage Museum-Yunshan Tunbu

Tangible Cultural Heritage Museum

Yunshan Tunbu

by Live in Guizhou

Image Source: Eyesnews

Yunshan Tunbu, located in Anshun, Guizhou Province, was established in the early Ming Dynasty and is the best-preserved village showcasing Tunbu culture, also shining as the most brilliant jewel among the “Eight Fortresses of Yunfeng”. Its majesty, perilous terrain, and beauty have captivated countless tourists, making it akin to an encyclopedia of ancient military farming culture.

Yunshan Tunbu is a physical testament to the Ming Dynasty’s military and commercial fortifications and a quintessential representative of Tunbu culture. In 2001, it was designated as a “National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit” by the State Council. In 2005, it became the only village in Guizhou Province to be awarded the title of “Chinese Historical and Cultural Famous Village”.

The village preserves defensive structures such as fortress gates, towers, walls, and ancient streets, along with the architectural style of the Jiangnan region, including gate towers, windowed rooms, brick carvings, stone carvings, and wood carvings. Courtyards, fortress towers, and narrow alleys ingeniously connect, forming a network of passages for both attack and defense.

Entering the fortress gate feels like traveling through a time tunnel. An ancient post road runs through the village, which at its peak housed over a thousand residents. The preserved ancient houses, streets, temples, and opera stages within the village authentically restore the culture and ambiance of the Ming Dynasty era. From a military to a commercial hub, from prosperity to decline, the unchanged Yunshan Tunbu over centuries has witnessed the historical transitions of the Ming, Qing, and Republican periods in Anshun and across Guizhou.