Tangible Cultural Heritage Museum-Panxian Dadong Site

Tangible Cultural Heritage Museum

Panxian Dadong Site

by Live in Guizhou

Image Source: Eyesnews

Panxian Dadong Site is located in Shiliping Village, Zhudong Township, Pan County, Guizhou Province, China. The cave was originally called Shili Dadong, and it developed on the western edge of the thick limestone mountains of Shiliping Slope Valley. It consists of five cave passages including Guanniu Cave, Shuidong Cave, Yinhedong Cave, the main hall, and Xiaodong Cave, interconnected by vertical shafts and steep slopes. The vertical difference between the highest and lowest cave passages is 115 meters, with a total length of 1660 meters.

The Dadong site was discovered in 1990. From 1992 to 2000, archaeological teams conducted six excavations in Dadong, Pan County, Guizhou, yielding over 3,000 stone artifacts, four human teeth fossils, 43 species of mammal fossils, and numerous charred bones and charcoal pieces. The site’s deposits date back to between approximately 330,000 to 130,000 years ago, belonging to the early Paleolithic period. The flake-core technique found in the stone artifacts from Panxian Dadong, with its clear and standardized traces, was previously thought to be unique to contemporary cultures in the West. The archaeological discoveries at Panxian Dadong hold significant cultural implications.

The extensive and rich accumulation of ancient human activities at Panxian Dadong, along with multidisciplinary and high-level research results, led to the site being named one of the top ten archaeological discoveries in China in 1993. It was also listed as a National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit in the fourth batch and has become one of the most important Paleolithic sites in the world.