Red Culture Museum-Fengxiangxi Meeting Site Memorial Hall

Red Culture Museum

Fengxiangxi Meeting Site Memorial Hall

by Live in Guizhou

Image Source: Sohu News

In June 1934, under the leadership of He Long, Xia Xi, and Guan Xiangying, the Red Second Army Corps of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army moved to Fengxiangxi in Dejiang and convened the historically significant “Central China Bureau of the Communist Party of China Western Hunan-Hubei Sub-Bureau Meeting” (historically known as the “Fengxiangxi Meeting”). This meeting established the only base on the Guizhou Plateau—the Eastern Guizhou Revolutionary Base—and launched a land revolution and armed struggle. It fostered one of the three main forces of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army, the Red Second Front Army, leaving behind a series of revolutionary sites and memorials known as the Fengxiangxi Red Culture.

The Fengxiangxi Red Culture includes sites like the Fengxiangxi Meeting venue, the headquarters of the Red Third Army, the old sites of the Political Department, the Red Seventh Division, the Red Ninth Division, the Staff Department, the Security Bureau, the directly subordinate guard platoon, the Machiba Red Army Bridge, martyrdom sites, memorial monuments, and He Long’s speaking platform, among other historical relics.

Most of these revolutionary relics are located in ancient villages from the Qing Dynasty era, predominantly residential and distinctly Tujia in character. The ancient charm of courtyard houses, blue stone courtyards, and Tujia dragon gates undoubtedly narrate the history and industrious wisdom of the Tujia people. Surrounded by green mountains and waters, wandering through these ancient villages evokes a feeling of returning to simplicity and nature.