Natural Heritage Museum-Loushan Pass

Natural Heritage Museum

Loushan Pass

by Live in Guizhou

Image Source: Eyesnews

Loushan Pass is located at the junction of Banqiao Town in Huichuan District, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, and Loushanguan Subdistrict in Tongzi County. It blocks the north from Bashu and the south from Guizhou and Guangxi, serving as the throat of northern Guizhou. The pass is famously impregnable, known as “One man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to open it,” and has always been a battleground for military strategists. Loushan Pass is a critical pass on the Sichuan-Guizhou traffic route.

Due to its strategic terrain, which is easy to defend but hard to attack, Loushan Pass has historically been a hotly contested location. In early January 1935, the Central Red Army broke through the natural barriers of the Wu River and subsequently, the Red Army’s Second Division of the First Corps captured Loushan Pass, achieving a significant victory. From February 25 to 26, 1935, the First Front Army of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army fought a fierce battle against the Guizhou Army at Loushan Pass, paving the way for the Zunyi Campaign. Mao Zedong once wrote the poem “Recalling Qine – Loushan Pass” there.

Today, the Loushan Pass scenic area includes sites such as the battlefields of Dajianshan and Xiaojianshan, a memorial monument of the Loushan Pass battle, cliff inscriptions, Changkong Bridge, and the Loushan Pass Red Army Battlefield Museum. It is a national patriotism education demonstration site, a national key cultural relics protection unit, and a national 4A level tourist attraction.