The Zhijin Ancient Architectural Complex

Culture

The Zhijin Ancient Architectural Complex

by Live in Guizhou


Image Source: Eyesnews

The Zhijin Ancient Architectural Complex is located in Zhijin County, Guizhou Province. Originally named Bina, which is a place name of Yi language, it was renamed “Pingyuan” in the fourth year of the Kangxi Emperor in Chinese, meaning to pacify the remote southwestern region. Later, it was renamed Zhijin.

In 2006, the Zhijin Ancient Architectural Complex was approved by the State Council as the sixth batch of national key cultural relics protection units. Shanyuan Shan, a researcher at the Palace Museum and an expert in ancient architecture, once commented on it as “unique in the country, a gem of ancient architecture”.

Zhijin Ancient City is surrounded by beautiful mountains and rivers, with meandering streams and numerous historical sites. It includes a complete range of architectural types, including Buddhist temples, Taoist temples, Confucian temples, academies, guild halls, ancestral halls, government offices, bridges, residences, shops, and workshops. They are scattered on small marble hills and along the Guancheng River that runs through the city.

Most of the ancient buildings in Zhijin are ganlan-style stilted buildings built along cliffs or by water sources. The majority were built after the “gaitu guiliu” policy, with constructions such as Wumiao , Wenmiao , Doulaoge, Longxing Temple, Dongshan Temple, Caishen Temple, and Chenghuang Temple being built within a period of five to ten years during the Kangxi Emperor’s reign.