An ecological paradise for wild animals——Guizhou


An ecological paradise for wild animals——Guizhou

by Live in Guizhou

PUBLISHED Nov 11, 2021 • 4MIN READ

The warm climate, complex and varied landform, abundant water and heat conditions and numerous rivers in Guizhou have fostered extensive wildlife, and made Guizhou a genuine “kingdom of flora and fauna”. Specifically, there are 35 species of wild animals under China’s first-class state protection and 161 species under second-class state protection, and there are 18 species of wild plants under first-class state protection and 61 species under second-class state protection. Thanks to the ecological preservation, some species of wildlife are increasing rapidly in population, such as macaques and golden pheasants, while new species are being discovered in the meantime.

 Leptobrachium liui 

Leptobrachium liui or Vibrissaphora is a toad species native to China, living in the Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve in Guizhou Province. It is also named as “moustache toad” and is a rare endangered amphibian endemic to China. As the male Leptobrachium liui will grow 8 to 11 black horny spines on the edge of its upper jaw in oestrus every year, it is called “China’s Spiny Monster” and “Frog with the most moustache in the world”.

Rhinopithecus brelichi

The pretty monkeys in the picture are named as Rhinopithecus brelichi, or gray snub-nosed monkey. All the Rhinopithecus brelichi in the world inhabits only the Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve in Guizhou Province. Of the three species of golden monkey in China (Rhinopithecus roxellana in Sichuan, Rhinopithecus bieti in Yunnan and Rhinopithecus brelichi in Guizhou), Rhinopithecus brelichi is the most endangered one with the smallest amount and distribution area so it is called “the Only Child of Nature”. As “a shy primate” in people’s view, it is a rare wild animal under first-class state protection in China. It is a treasure in the Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve and even across the world.

Francois’s langurs

Francois’s langurs or Trachypithecus francoisi is a species of monkey under first-class state protection in China. It is one of the most endangered primates in the world. Currently, the total number of such monkeys across the world exceeds 2,000. 1,500 of them live in China and over 850 of 1500 inhabit the Mayang River Nature Reserve and other nature reserves in Guizhou. Francois’s langurs lives mainly on plant food such as plenty of palatable leaves with a wide range. Some people think it feeds only on tender leaves so they call it “leaf monkey”. However, in fact, it also eats other parts including shoots, stems, flowers, fruits, and seeds.

 Andrias davidianus

 Andrias davidianus or Chinese giant salamander, a rare existing amphibian in the world, is under second-class state protection in China. Its sound is similar to a human baby’s cry so Andrias davidianus earns it the nickname “baby fish”. The pure water and suitable climate unique to the Fanjing Mountain in Guizhou are very favorable for Andrias davidianus to live. It is in the Fanjing Mountain that China establishes the first breeding and science education base for germplasm resource protection of Andrias davidianus.

Black-necked crane

Black-necked crane or Grus nigricollis, distributed in the Tibetan Plateau and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, is under first-class state protection in China. Caohai Wetland in Weining, Yi, Hui and Miao autonomous county, is an important wintering ground of black-necked cranes. A flock of black-necked cranes has been seen in the Caohai Wetland where the abundant bird resources and high conservation value are highlighted.

 Mergus squamatus

On 2 January 2021, a large bird that looks like a duck occurred in the Shuidong Road along the Nanming River in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province, attracting a crowd of shutterbugs to take photos. The bird has a long pointed beak and red soles, with a crest like a phoenix’s tail. The expert says this bird is Mergus squamatus or Scaly-sided Merganser which originates in the Changbai Mountain region, Jilin Province. It is also known as the “Giant Panda among Birds” due to its small amount which is less than 2,000 across China.

 Leiothrix lutea

 Leiothrix lutea or Red-billed leiothrix, which is also called colorful leiothrix, is famous both at home and abroad for its perfect shape, color, and sound. It mainly inhabits the montane evergreen broad-leaved forest and the mixed evergreen and deciduous forest at an altitude of 1,200 to 2,800 meters. Sometimes, it also lives in shrubs near cottages, courtyards, and farmlands. Widely distributed across Guizhou Province, Leiothrix lutea mainly feeds on insects such as caterpillars, beetles, and ants. It also lives on vegetable food such as fruits and seeds of plants, and occasionally eats a small number of crops such as corns.